Drug Addiction Is Not A Disease
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Drug addiction, drug abuse, substance abuse, and substance use disorder are all terms which are oftentimes used to describe or define the same thing. And often with these terms come long-standing stigmas surrounding anyone who is labeled as suffering from drug addiction. causes of drug addiction.Addiction, including drug addiction, is a multifaceted issue that impacts people from all walks of life.
While there are trends amongst those with substance use disorders (SUDs) or drug addictions, addiction to drugs or alcohol can affect anyone. Individuals from all genders, education levels, family backgrounds, socio-economic levels, occupations, etc. have all found themselves in the grips of drug addiction.One of the most commonly misunderstood aspects of addiction is the conception that the person with the problem lacks the morals or willpower to quit.Help For Family Members Of Drug Addicts
Research shows that this simply isn’t true.Luckily for those with addiction issues and their loved ones, much progress has been made in the field of addiction. And what has been revealed is that addiction is actually a chronic disease that impacts the brain. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), it is characterized by repetitive and compulsive drug-seeking despite the risk of or actual harmful consequences.This is the behavior that makes many people who are uneducated about addiction believe that drug addiction is a choice, not a disease.
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And like any other chronic disease such as asthma or diabetes, continual maintenance and treatment is needed to stay healthy. A chronic disease is one that cannot be cured but can be controlled.According to the Center on Addiction, there are 40 million Americans, or one in seven, over the age of 12 who have a substance use problem or addiction.
The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) is extended so that coverage for both mental health and substance abuse treatment must be covered or have at least the same coverage as offered for physical health issues. This is just further acknowledgment and acceptance that drug addiction really is a disease.Like other chronic diseases, addiction is often thought to be caused by a combination of factors.How To Let Go Of A Drug Addict
And as research deepens, the genetic component is believed to play a large part in predisposing an individual to addiction.Once a person begins to regularly use a substance, their brain changes. This is because most substances make the brain release ‘feel-good’ chemicals which are normally naturally produced in the body.
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The individual then ‘needs’ the substance to get that good feeling again and then eventually just to feel ‘normal.’ This deepens the addiction to the substance.If you or someone you love has a drug addiction issue, there are ways to find help. Pinnacle Treatment Centers has numerous locations with a variety of treatment programs.
With more than 110 community-based locations, Pinnacle provides a full continuum of quality care for adult men and women which includes medically-monitored detoxification/withdrawal management, inpatient/residential treatment, partial hospitalization/care, sober living, intensive and general outpatient programming, and medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. For more information, visit pinnacletreatment.com or call 800-782-1520.2062 Lycoming Creek Rd., Suite 8Williamsport, PA 17701570-505-1123.
Research has identified a number of areas in the brain key to the development and persistence of addiction. In particular, pathways containing dopamine are where many drugs exert their effects (drug addicted babies). Dopamine is a small chemical in the brain important for carrying signals from one brain cell to the next, similar to how a train carries cargo between stations.
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In the healthy brain, dopamine is released in response to natural rewards, such as food or exercise, as a way of saying, “that was good.” But drugs hijack dopamine pathways, teaching the brain that drugs are good, too. drug addiction help near me. For example, some drugs have a structure similar to other chemical messengers in the brain, allowing them to bind to brain cells and release dopamine.
Drugs release two to 10 times the amount of dopamine that natural rewards release. How much is released depends on the type of drug; amphetamines, for example, release more dopamine than cocaine. As a result, the increased and sometimes constant influx of dopamine means feelings of reward, motivation or pleasure are also increased.
Thus, dopamine’s impact on the reward network diminishes, along with the individual’s ability to experience pleasure. This explains why individuals who chronically abuse drugs or alcohol begin to appear lethargic, unmotivated and depressed, and report a lack of pleasure in things that were once pleasurable. To counter this, they increase their substance use in an attempt to feel the same pleasure they used to.
What Is Drug Addiction
While short-term use may only produce small, transient effects in the brain, prolonged substance use changes the brain in fundamental ways that reinforce continued use, such as the strengthening of memory circuits associated with drug taking. Cues that are social (such as being around substance-using friends), geographic (former favorite bars), and physical (experiencing stress) in nature become strongly associated with the drug.
Brain changes from chronic drug or alcohol use can persist years after a person quits. This is why individuals risk relapse even after long periods of abstinence, and despite a relapse’s potentially devastating effects. More importantly, this is why treatment depends on the type of drug and the individual characteristics of the patient.
Because addiction is typically a chronic disorder characterized by intermittent relapses, a short-term, one-time treatment is generally not sufficient. However, research shows that addiction can be managed successfully. Individuals who enter and remain in treatment can manage their addiction and improve their quality of life (how to deal with a drug addict son).
How To Tell When A Drug Addict Is Lying
Drug addiction, in the simplest terms is the strong compulsion to get and use substances, even though a number of undesirable and dangerous consequences are likely to occur. Addiction has been described as a “medical disorder that affects the brain and changes behavior.” Various substances including alcohol, illicit drugs, prescription medications, and even some over-the-counter medicines may fuel the development of an addiction.
The definition of addiction varies among individuals, organizations, and medical professionals, and society’s viewpoints about addiction are ever-evolving. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) all similarly describe addiction as a long-term and relapsing condition characterized by the individual compulsively seeking and using drugs despite adverse consequences.1 Addiction changes how the brain responds in situations involving rewards, stress, and self-control.
Comparing substance addiction to heart disease may help illustrate why it is defined as a disease by so many:1 Both addiction and heart disease disturb the regular functioning of an organ in the body – the heart for heart disease and the brain for addiction. drug addiction treatment. They both can lead to a decreased quality of life and increased risk of premature death.
Encouraging Letter To Drug Addict
They are both treatable to prevent further damage. AAC is in-network with many insurance companies. Your addiction treatment could be free depending on your policy and deductible. Furthermore, since addiction is marked by periods of recovery and symptom recurrence (relapse), it resembles other diseases like hypertension and type-2 diabetes. These diseases are lifelong conditions that require continual effort to manage.
3 The idea that substance addiction is a disease is not, however, universal. Some would argue that addiction is not a disease because: Addiction is not transmissible or contagious. Addiction is not autoimmune, hereditary, or degenerative. Addiction is self-acquired, implying the person gives the condition to himself. Proponents of this way of thinking put much more emphasis on the social and environmental factors of addiction—one proponent claims that addictions may be “cured” by locking addicts in a cell where there is no access to substances—instead of on the brain changes that occur as a result of substance abuse.4 Some schools of thought view treatment for addiction as little more than the individual making the decision to stop using. Specific aspects of these opinions are hard to refute.
But while no one forced an addicted person to begin misusing a substance, it’s hard to imagine someone would willingly ruin their health, relationships, and other major areas of their lives. Surely, if overcoming addiction were as easy as simply choosing to stop, the problem of addiction would be much easier to address and relapse would not be as common – dating a drug addict.